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DriveSafe DriveAware

DriveSafe DriveAware (DSDA) was developed by Dr Lynn Kay and Professor Anita Bundy at the University of Sydney and is published by Pearson. DSDA is an off road computer test, developed to predict with substantial accuracy, fitness to drive for people with cognitive impairments. The test measures the constructs of ‘awareness of the driving environment’ and ‘awareness of ones abilities related to driving’ . Beth Cheal was project manager for conversion of DSDA into a touch screen test for use on a tablet. This project was completed as a PhD under the supervision of Professor Bundy (USyd), Dr Ann-Helen Patella (Karolinska Institutet) and Dr Justin Scanlan (USyd), for Pearson. DSDA places patients into the categories: 'Likely to pass an on-road assessment', 'Likely to fail and on-road assessment' and 'Further testing required'. The touch screen version of the test is now available for purchase by doctors, occupational therapists, and other health professionals from Pearson. Further information about this test, including how to purchase it, can be found on the Pearson websites:

DSDA Research References:

Allan, C., Coxon, K., Bundy, A., Peattie, L., & Keay, L. (2015). DriveSafe and DriveAware Assessment Tools Are a Measure of Driving-Related Function and Predicts Self-Reported Restriction for Older Drivers. Journal of Applied Gerontology, 1-18
Kay, L., Bundy, A., & Cheal, B. (2012). DriveSafe and DriveAware: A promising new off-road test to predict on-road performance. In L. Dorn (Ed.), Driver behaviour and training (pp. 127 - 140). Cranfield University: Ashgate.

Kay, L., Bundy, A., Clemson, L., Cheal, B., & Glendenning, T. (2012). Contributions of off-road tests to predicting on-road performance: A critical review of tests. Australian Occupational Therapy Journal, 59, 89-97.

Kay, L., Bundy, A., Clemson, L. (2009a). Awareness of driving ability in senior drivers with neurological conditions. American Journal of Occupational Therapy, 63, 146-150.

Kay, L., Bundy, A., Clemson, L. (2009b). Predicting fitness to drive in people with cognitive impairments by using DriveSafe and DriveAware. Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, 90, 1514-1522.

Kay, L., Bundy, A., Clemson, L.  (2009c). Validity, reliability and predictive accuracy of the Driving Awareness Questionnaire, Disability and Rehabilitation, 31, 1074-1082.

Kay, L., Bundy, A., Clemson, L.  (2008). Predicting fitness to drive using the Visual Recognition Slide Test (USyd). American Journal of Occupational Therapy, 62, 187-197.

Kay, L., Bundy, A., Clemson, L., & Jolly, N. (2008). Validity and reliability of the on-road driving assessment with senior drivers. Accident Analysis & Prevention, 40, 751-759.


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